Adoption is a life-changing moment for children and their adoptive families, and the experience should be an exciting one. Adoption most often involves a complex procedure meant to ensure the change is happening in the child’s best interest. As a result, adoptive parents benefit greatly by having an experienced law firm assisting them through the process.
Below are a few different types of adoptions and a brief explanation about how they differ.
Public adoption agencies are funded by local, state, and federal sources and facilitate the adoption of children from foster care. Public agencies may arrange meetings between prospective adoptive parents and social workers and/or supervisors, or they may match children with adoptive families through a placement committee.
Read more about public adoption
During the private adoption process, birth parents work through an agency to choose prospective adoptive parents for their child. Some birth parents and adoptive parents get to know each other before the adoption takes place. In other cases, an agency will work alone to match a child with prospective adoptive parents.
Read more about private adoption
Kinship Care and Adoption
When a child enters the public dependency system, the goal is to reunify that child with his or her birth parents. If that reunification is not a possibility, agencies then attempt to place the child in kinship care, meaning the permanent care of an extended birth family member. If these options have been explored and the child cannot be placed with a member of his or her birth family, the agency will terminate parental rights and seek other prospective adoptive parents.
Stepchild adoption is the most common form of adoption. Stepparents who adopt their spouse’s child become a legal parent of that child. At the same time, the noncustodial parent (meaning the parent who does not have custody of the child) will no longer have parental rights or responsibilities to things like child support. To adopt, a stepparent must have the consent of both the spouse and the noncustodial parent – unless he or she has already lost parental rights.
Same Sex Adoption
Adoption by same sex couples became legal in all 50 states in 2016. Depending on their jurisdiction, however, couples still may face some hurdles. For example, some states have restrictions on same sex partners fostering children. Other couples have experienced difficulties with social workers and agencies when trying to adopt. If you are a same sex couple considering adopting or fostering a child, it’s important to know the most up-to-date laws in your jurisdiction before proceeding. An experienced lawyer can explain your rights and guide you through the process.
Contact Our Adoption Lawyers for Assistance
As a prospective adoptive parents having the right legal assistance on your side can ensure the adoption process runs smoothly and efficiently. If you’re looking to adopt, we can help. Contact Petrelli Previtera for a confidential consultation about adoption. During our meeting, we will discuss your family’s needs and wishes and come up with the best course of action.